Periodic pruning produces preferred performance

“The purpose of pruning is to improve the quality of the roses, not to hurt the bush” (Florence Littauer)

Pruning involves the selective removal of “diseased, damaged, dead, non-productive, structurally unsound or otherwise unwanted plant material from crop and landscape plants” (Wikipedia). Some horticulturalists call the categories “The 4 D’s: diseased, dead, damaged and…